Zabbix is a mature and effortless enterprise-class open source monitoring solution for network monitoring and application monitoring of millions of metrics. This post is going to install zabbix4.0 into a brand new Centos7.x system environment, including default installation of mariab5.5, php5.4, apache2.4 as well. 

All configurations are almost default, the ultimate goal is to  install the zabbix system in a fastest way.

YouTube Video:

Notes: Before you can install Zabbix, you might want to exclude Zabbix from SELinux disable SELinux and Firewall.

Note: I have used Google Cloud Platform free tier vm (1vCPU, 614MB Memory and 10G Hard Drive) to complete this installation without problem. If you have bigger space and large memory, that would be better.

1. Install the EPEL (Extra Packages for Enterprise Linux) source

yum update
yum -y install epel-release

rpm -qa | grep zabbix
rpm -ql zabbix-release

cat /etc/yum.repos.d/zabbix.repo

2. Install php-fpm and mariadb

yum -y install php-fpm mariadb mariadb-server wget

3. Configure zabbix4.0 source

Official image:
rpm -ivh

4. Install zabbix4.0 software

yum -y install zabbix-server-mysql zabbix-web-mysql zabbix-agent 

5. Start and Enable mariadb

systemctl enable mariadb
systemctl start mariadb

 6. Configure mariadb for Zabbix to use

Create a zabbix database (default password is empty):

mysql -uroot -p 

MariaDB [(none)]> create database zabbix character set utf8 collate utf8_bin;
MariaDB [(none)]> grant all privileges on zabbix.* to zabbix@localhost identified by ‘zabbixdbpassword’;
MariaDB [(none)]> quit

Import zabbix data:

zcat /usr/share/doc/zabbixservermysql*/create.sql.gz | mysql uzabbix pzabbixdbpassword zabbix

7. Modify the zabbix-server configuration file

vi /etc/zabbix/zabbix_server.conf


If the account password here is inconsistent with the actual account password you set, when you start zabbix-server, you can’t see the port, but you can see the process!

8. Modify the php timezone configuration

vi /etc/php.ini
date.timezone = “America/New_York”

9. Start related services

systemctl enable php-fpm
systemctl start php-fpm
systemctl enable httpd
systemctl start httpd
systemctl enable zabbix-server
systemctl start zabbix-server
systemctl enable zabbix-agent
systemctl start zabbix-agent

10. Enter the web installation

Visit http://<Zabbix VM’s Public IP>/zabbix

After setting the password, it will be the next step, just like the normal compilation and installation of zabbix. The default account Admin password is zabbix.

Here are screenshots to configure your frontend Zabbix server:

Another YouTube Video to install Zabbix Virtual Appliance:


Issue 1 : You might get one error to say “Zabbix server is running” but value is no. Basically, zabbix server is not started properly.
 From the /var/log/zabbix/zabbix_server.log, you will find following information:

[root@linux1centos1 zabbix]# tail zabbix_server.log
  5828:20191019:195018.548 server #20 started [trapper #1]
  5830:20191019:195018.551 server #22 started [trapper #3]
  5831:20191019:195018.554 server #23 started [trapper #4]
  5838:20191019:195018.556 server #30 started [preprocessing manager #1]
  5838:20191019:195018.556 cannot start preprocessing service: Cannot bind socket to “/var/run/zabbix/zabbix_server_preprocessing.sock”: [13] Permission denied.
  5804:20191019:195018.558 One child process died (PID:5838,exitcode/signal:1). Exiting …
zabbix_server [5804]: Error waiting for process with PID 5838: [10] No child processes
  5804:20191019:195018.632 syncing trend data…
  5804:20191019:195018.632 syncing trend data done
  5804:20191019:195018.632 Zabbix Server stopped. Zabbix 4.0.13 (revision 4e383bb6c5).

Usually it is relating to selinux status. By default it has been enabled and it will give Zabbix service a problem to start.

Disable SELinux

You can temporarily change the SELinux mode from targeted to permissive with the following command:
sudo setenforce 0


However, this change will be valid for the current runtime session only.
To permanently disable SELinux on your CentOS 7 system, follow the steps below:
  1. Open the /etc/selinux/config file and set the SELINUX mod to disabled:
    # This file controls the state of SELinux on the system.
    # SELINUX= can take one of these three values:
    #       enforcing - SELinux security policy is enforced.
    #       permissive - SELinux prints warnings instead of enforcing.
    #       disabled - No SELinux policy is loaded.
    # SELINUXTYPE= can take one of these two values:
    #       targeted - Targeted processes are protected,
    #       mls - Multi Level Security protection.


  2. Save the file and reboot your CentOS system with:
    sudo shutdown -r now


  3. Once the system boots up, verify the change with the sestatus command:


    The output should look like this:
    SELinux status:                 disabled

Stop/Disable CentOS Firewall

sudo firewall-cmd –state
sudo systemctl stop firewalld
sudo systemctl disable firewalld

Mask the FirewallD service which will prevent the firewall from being started by other services:
sudo systemctl mask --now firewalld


By Jonny

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